25 Apr 2020 Health admin

What is hemiplegia?

Hemiplegia or stroke known by the public, vascular syndrome, which occurs as a result of obstruction in brain vessels or damage to brain cells and characterized by loss or decrease of motion in one half of the body.

What are the symptoms of hemiplegia?

The first sign of hemiplegia is usually, It is a sudden severe headache and loss of function in a part of the body that occurs afterwards.

  • Weakness in one half of the body,
  • Speech difficulties
  • Temporary loss of vision,
  • Loss of movement
  • Giddiness
  • Nauseation,
  • Headaches,
  • Hearing loss,
  • Amnesia,
  • Gradual changes in personality and mind,
  • Swallowing difficulty,
  • Numbness,
  • Loss of consciousness and epilepsy (epilepsy) attacks

What are the causes of Hemiplegia and Risk Factors?

One of the brain vessels is obstructed, ruptured, or a tumor that occurs in the brain or hemiplegia after a degenerative disease. Risk factors include;

  • Diabetes
  • Individuals over 65
  • Hypertension
  • High cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Heart diseases
  • Physical inactivity
  • Using alcohol

How is hemiplegia treatment and rehabilitation done?

After the patient’s condition is taken under control with drug treatment, paralysis treatment to be performed by the rehabilitation team comes. The purpose of drug therapy is to prevent the progression of the brain from minimizing the progression and maintaining brain functions. As with all brain and nervous system diseases, early diagnosis and treatment is very important in hemiplegia. While it varies according to its size, it is evident in the first 8 weeks in this process and it is slow after 6 months. Exercises, coordination and skill exercises for strengthening weak muscles that will be done within the scope of physical therapy and rehabilitation become a part of the patient’s life. During the treatment, to prevent pressure sores that may occur in patients who are dependent on bed for a long time, the position should be changed at regular intervals and the warnings of the physical therapist should be taken into account when switching to wheelchair use.